One doesn’t often give too much thought to the window and its structural makeup through which

One doesn’t often give too much thought to the window and its structural makeup through which one is looking when looking through a window at something. Rather one focuses on the view itself and does not pay particular attention to how that frame was constructed, unless you were looking at a particularly striking structure that is. A Yaskawa Motoman machine tending robotic arm transfers sheet metal to a JFY MT series punching machine But there is much more to windows and door frames than meets the eye. These structures speak to a number of our primary senses, often all at the same time, without us even thinking about it because we are just so used to it. Vision, smells and sounds are all conveyed to our brains in and instant by the manner in which these representations are transferred to the brain. The soothing sight and sound of the waves lapping at the shore through a large bay window, or the vast openness of a landscape below viewed from above through an aeroplane window. A Fanuc robotic arm transferring sheet metal to and from a JFY PR6 series CNC bending machine for a set of bends The window The word window is first recorded in the English language around the 13th century a...

1999 essentially marked the end of the alternative dream floated by punk bands in the ’80s,

1999 essentially marked the end of the alternative dream floated by punk bands in the ’80s, sold by record companies in the ’90s, and eventually rebooted in the Garden State ’00s. Five years earlier, alternative-minded Gen-Xers made Woodstock ’94 their own by throwing mud (Green Day) or wearing mud (Nine Inch Nails). Woodstock ’99 was, in turn, its Altamont, marked by sexual assaults, wanton destruction, macho aggro-rock and greed. Lollapalooza was benched for a second summer. The focused anger of Rage Against the Machine birthed the unfocused anger of nü–metal. Grunge had been watered down to something unidentifiable. The electronica boom had performed nicely but hopes of faceless knob-jockeys being the next Nirvana in America had long been dashed. Moby released Play, which would be licensed all over—a move that was criticized at the time but would ultimately prove to be the new normal. Napster began the internet’s two-decade quest to explode genre entirely. Boomer icons like Santana, and covers of classic rock nuggets like “Another Brick in the Wall” and “American Woman,” were appearing on the Modern Rock chart. What was alternative or modern about Buckcherry? Why was Axl Rose...